18-22 July 2016
Hotel Wyndham Grand Axelmannstein, Bad Reichenhall, Germany
Europe/Berlin timezone

Ionic diffusion in battery cathods, e.g. Na0.7CoO2

19 Jul 2016, 09:50
20m
Invited Energy storage & transformation Session III: Batteries 1 (Chair: Michael Hofmann)

Speaker

Dr Fanni Juranyi (Paul Scherrer Institute)

Description

Diffusion is one of the key areas in neutron spectroscopy. The accessible time scale covers fortunately the ionic diffusion in battery cathodes. Evenly important that state-of-the art instrumentation provides sufficient intensity and signal-to-noise ratio for measuring ionic diffusion in a host material, although pushing the experimental possibilities to the limits. This talk will focus on atomic scale Na diffusion in Na$_x$CoO$_2$, which is the Na analogue of the commercially used Li compound. It belongs to the layered transition-metal oxide family with promising properties for commercial applications. Temperature dependent neutron powder diffraction (HRPT, PSI) revealed two phase transitions (at about T$_A$=290K and T$_B$=400K), which are connected to successive opening of Na diffusion paths. Between T$_A$ and T$_B$ the lattice deforms in a way that Na sides gets closer to each other allowing for quasi-1D (zig-zag) diffusion. Above T$_B$ Na diffusion occurs in a plane via jumps on the hexagonal lattice. Inelastic fixed window scans from MARS, PSI ($\delta$E=13$\mu$eV) and from IN16b, ILL ($\delta$E=0.85$\mu$eV) indicate sudden change in the dynamics at the phase transition temperatures. At both instruments quasielastic spectrum is present above T$_B$, whereas at the new IN16b the QENS intensity is continuously increasing from T$_A$. The later being especially important because of probing the diffusion in the temperature range relevant for application. Puzzling is however the comparison of the results with muon-spin relaxation ($\mu^+$SR) data, which will be discussed in detail. This technique has been successfully applied in the last years to measure ionic diffusion in this type of materials. Although these results are only the first steps, the relevance of neutron scattering in fundamental understanding of ionic diffusion at the atomic scale is unquestionable for the design of novel cathode materials.

Primary author

Dr Fanni Juranyi (Paul Scherrer Institute)

Co-author

Prof. Martin Månsson (KTH, Sweden)

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