18-22 July 2016
Hotel Wyndham Grand Axelmannstein, Bad Reichenhall, Germany
Europe/Berlin timezone

Determination of anodic transition metal deposition with PGAA

19 Jul 2016, 16:50
2h 40m
Hotel Wyndham Grand Axelmannstein, Bad Reichenhall, Germany

Hotel Wyndham Grand Axelmannstein, Bad Reichenhall, Germany

Salzburger Str. 2-6 83453 Bad Reichenhall
Board: 3
Poster Energy storage & transformation Poster Session

Speaker

Stefan Seidlmayer (Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ), Technische Universität München)

Description

The performance degradation of graphite/LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 (NMC) lithium ion cells, charged and discharged up to 300 cycles at different operating conditions of temperature and upper cutoff potential (4.2V/25$^\circ$C, 4.2V/60$^\circ$C, 4.6V/25$^\circ$C) was investigated. A combination of electrochemical methods with X-ray diffraction (XRD) both in situ and ex situ as well as neutron induced Prompt-Gamma-Activation-Analysis (PGAA) allowed us to elucidate the main failure mechanisms of the investigated lithium ion cells. PGAA was used to determine the amount of anodic transition metal deposition. In situ XRD was used to calibrate the structure-capacity relationship and revealed slow kinetics of the lithium re-insertion into the NMC-host lattice. Ex situ XRD was then used to extract the amount of remaining lithium from cathodes and compare it to electrochemically observed capacity losses. Additional electrochemical methods then round up the picture of the cell aging investigation. The focus of the presentation will be on the determination of the anodic transition metal deposition with the PGAA technique and its relation to the aging behavior of the cells under the investigated parameters.

Primary author

Stefan Seidlmayer (Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ), Technische Universität München)

Co-authors

Hubert, A. Gasteiger (Chair of Technical Electrochemistry, Department of Chemistry, Technische Universität München) Irmgard Buchberger (Chair of Technical Electrochemistry, Department of Chemistry, Technische Universität München) Johannes Hattendorff (Chair of Technical Electrochemistry, Department of Chemistry, Technische Universität München) Petra Kudejova (Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ), Technische Universität München) Ralph Gilles (Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ), Technische Universität München)

Presentation Materials

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