18-22 July 2016
Hotel Wyndham Grand Axelmannstein, Bad Reichenhall, Germany
Europe/Berlin timezone

Hybrid halide perovskite solar cells, disorder, and the dynamics of methyl ammonium ions

19 Jul 2016, 11:00
50m
Hotel Wyndham Grand Axelmannstein, Bad Reichenhall, Germany

Hotel Wyndham Grand Axelmannstein, Bad Reichenhall, Germany

Salzburger Str. 2-6 83453 Bad Reichenhall

Speaker

Dr Piers Barnes (Imperial College London)

Description

Hybrid organic-inorganic solar cells based on hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskite structures are promising candidates for cheap, solution processed, highly efficient (>20%) solar cells with a short energy payback time. The materials display many interesting behaviours such as high dielectric constants, ionic transport, photostriction, and hysteresis in the photovoltaic properties, some of which have been proposed to be related to the presence of the polar organic cation methylammonium. I will discuss quasielastic neutron scattering measurements showing that dipolar CH3NH3+ ions reorientate between the faces, corners or edges of the pseudo cubic lattice cages in CH3NH3PbI3 crystals with a room temperature residence time of around 14 ps. Free rotation, π flips and ionic diffusion are ruled out within a 1 - 200 ps time window. I will discuss the implications of these measurements, as well as structural and dynamic disorder in the crystals, for the properties and behaviour of perovskite semiconductor devices.

Primary author

Dr Piers Barnes (Imperial College London)

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