18-22 July 2016
Hotel Wyndham Grand Axelmannstein, Bad Reichenhall, Germany
Europe/Berlin timezone

Proton dynamics in high temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cell membranes

19 Jul 2016, 16:50
2h 40m
Hotel Wyndham Grand Axelmannstein, Bad Reichenhall, Germany

Hotel Wyndham Grand Axelmannstein, Bad Reichenhall, Germany

Salzburger Str. 2-6 83453 Bad Reichenhall
Board: 12
Poster Energy storage & transformation Poster Session

Speaker

Dr Reiner Zorn (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS-1), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany)

Description

Polybenzimidazole (PBI, poly(2,2’-(m-phenylene)-5,5’-bibenzimidazole) membranes with phosphoric acid impregnation are a new promising material for high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT-PEFC). PBI as membranes for fuel cells was introduced in the middle of the nineties as replacement for the well-investigated Nafion membranes, whose use is limited by the boiling temperature of water and thus, water-thermal management. After being impregnated with phosphoric acid (PA) PBI membranes show very good proton conductivity. Besides, the operating temperature of about 160°C of HT-PEFC results in a high CO tolerance of 1-2%. However, although PBI-based PEMFCs are well studied on macroscopic level (conductivity, rheology etc. [1, 2]), the microscopic dynamics associated with the conductivity has not been investigated in detail except from molecular dynamics simulations [3, 4]. A method predestined for this purpose is quasielastic neutron scattering because of the high incoherent scattering cross section of protons and the spatial resolution of the technique. In order to investigate the microscopic proton dynamics in these PA impregnated membranes over a wide dynamic range, data from three neutron scattering instruments were combined in time range after Fourier transform: the time-of-flight spectrometer CNCS at SNS, Oak Ridge (0.2…30 ps), the TOF-backscattering spectrometer BASIS at SNS, Oak Ridge (20…800 ps), and the backscattering spectrometer SPHERES at MLZ, Garching (70 ps…5 ns). To suppress the scattering from the polymer matrix, the difference between samples with PA and deutero-PA was used as the basis of the evaluation. A first description of the data using a model based on a distribution of relaxation times gave satisfactory results but left the microscopic picture open. Analysing the Q dependence of the characteristic times we could identify a region with an anomalous power law behaviour indicating diffusion on a fractal structure. A scattering function derived from a fractal-based model enabled us to describe the scattering on certain length scales. [1] C. Wannek, W. Lehnert, J. Mergel, J. Power Sources 192 (2009) 258. [2] Q. F. Li, J. O. Jensen, R. F. Savinell, N. J. Bjerrum, Progress in Polymer Science 34 (2009) 449. [3] S. Pahari, C. K. Choudhury, P. R. Pandey, M. More, A. Venkatnathan, S. Roy, J. Phys. Chem. B 116 (2012) 7357. [4] L. Vilciauskas, M. E. Tuckermann, G. Bester, S. J. Paddison, K. D. Kreuer, Nature Chem. 4 (2012) 461.

Primary authors

Mr Bernhard Hopfenmüller (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, outstation at MLZ, Lichtenbergstr. 1, D-85747 Garching, Germany) Dr Reiner Zorn (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS-1), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany)

Co-authors

Prof. Dieter Richter (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS-1), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany) Dr Georg Ehlers (Quantum Condensed Matter Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge 37831-6475, TN, USA) Dr Majerus Anne (Institute of Energy and Climate Research (IEK-3), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany) Dr Michael Monkenbusch (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS-1), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany) Dr Michaela Zamponi (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, outstation at MLZ, Lichtenbergstr. 1, D-85747 Garching, Germany) Dr Niina Jalarvo (Chemical & Engineering Materials Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge 37831-6473, TN, USA and Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS-1), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany) Dr Olaf Holderer (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, outstation at MLZ, Lichtenbergstr. 1, D-85747 Garching, Germany) Dr Oxana Ivanova (Juelich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS), Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH Outstation at MLZ) Prof. Werner Lehnert (Institute of Energy and Climate Research (IEK-3), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany and RWTH Aachen University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, D-52056 Aachen, Germany) Dr Wiebke Lüke (Institute of Energy and Climate Research (IEK-3), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, D-52425 Jülich, Germany)

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