Dec 7 – 8, 2021 Online only
Europe/Berlin timezone

Ultrahigh-resolution neutron spectroscopy of low-energy spin dynamics in UGe2

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Dec 7, 2021, 9:30 AM
25m
Talk Quantum Phenomena Quantum Phenomena

Speaker

Franz Xaver Haslbeck (Walther-Meißner-Institut, Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften)

Description

Novel electronic phases such as nematic electronic textures or unconventional superconductivity (SC) are frequently observed near zero-temperature magnetic instabilities that arise as a function of a non-thermal control parameter such as pressure. Although it is widely believed that the abundant magnetic fluctuations associated with these quantum phase transitions (QPT) are at the origin of the emergence of novel electronic states, their exact nature remains an outstanding question. Notably, according to theory both the relaxation time and correlation length of the fluctuations are expected to diverge when the quantum critical point is approached. However, to date these divergences have not yet been observed due to the demanding requirements for energy and momentum resolution. Studying the ferromagnetic SC UGe$_2$ we demonstrate that for ferromagnetic QPTs this problem may be overcome using longitudinal modulation of intensity with zero effort (MIEZE) at the instrument RESEDA. In the case of UGe$_2$, we reveal purely longitudinal spin fluctuations with a dual nature arising from 5f electrons that are hybridized with the conduction electrons. Local spin fluctuations are perfectly described by the Ising universality class in three dimensions, whereas itinerant spin fluctuations occur over length scales comparable to the superconducting coherence length, showing that MIEZE is able to spectroscopically disentangle the complex low-energy behavior characteristic of quantum materials.

Primary author

Franz Xaver Haslbeck (Walther-Meißner-Institut, Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften)

Co-authors

Dr Steffen Säubert (Colorado State University) Marc Seifert (Physik Department and Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum Garching, Technische Universität München) Dr Christian Franz (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH) Dr Michael Schulz (Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum Garching, Technische Universität München) Dr Andre Heinemann (German Engineering Materials Science Centre (GEMS) at Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ), Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht GmbH) Dr Thomas Keller (MPI for Solid State Research, Stuttgart) Dr Pinaki Das (Los Alamos National Laboratory) Dr J. D. Thompson (Los Alamos National Laboratory) Dr E. D. Bauer (Los Alamos National Laboratory) Prof. Christian Pfleiderer (Physik-Department, Technische Universität München) Prof. Marc Janoschek (Laboratory for Scientific Developments and Novel Materials, Paul Scherrer Institut)

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