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May 31, 2022 to June 3, 2022
Arabella Brauneck Hotel
Europe/Berlin timezone

Inelastic and quasielastic neutron scattering on microporous polymer membranes for green separation processes

Jun 1, 2022, 9:00 AM
Arabella Brauneck Hotel

Arabella Brauneck Hotel

Münchner Str. 25 83661 Lenggries
Invited talk Main Wednesday morning


Prof. Andreas Schönhals (BAM Berlin)


Inelastic and quasielastic neutron scattering on microporous polymer membranes for green separation processes

Andreas SCHÖNHALS1, Paulina SZYMONIAK1, Reiner ZORN2, Martin BÖHNING1

1Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung, Unter den Eichen 87, 12489 Berlin, Germany
2Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS-1) and Institute for Biological Information Processing (IBI-8), 52425 Jülich, Germany

Polymers with intrinsic microporosity are promising candidates for the active separation layer in gas separation membranes. These polymers are characterized by a high permeability and reasonable permselectivity. The latter point is somehow surprising because for microporous systems a more Knudson-like diffusion is expected then a size dependent temperature activated sieving process. It was argued in the framework of a random gate model that molecular fluctuations on a time scale from ps to ns are responsible for the permselectivity [1].
Her a series of microporous polynorbornenes with bulky Si side groups and a rigid backbone are considered which have different microporosity characterized by BET surface area values.
First inelastic time-of-flight neutron scattering measurements were carried out to investigate the low frequency density of state (VDOS). The measured data show the characteristic low frequency excess contribution to the VDOS above the Debye sound wave level, generally known as the Boson peak in glass-forming materials. It was found the maximum position of the Boson peak correlates with the BET surface area value [2].
For two selected comparable polynorbornenes elastic scans as well as QENS measurements by a combination of neutron time-of-flight and backscattering are carried out [3]. A low temperature relaxation process was found for both polymers. This process was assigned to the methyl group rotation. It was analysed in terms of a jump diffusion in a three-fold potential. The analysis of the dependence of the elastic incoherent structure factor on the scattering vector yields the number of methyl groups which might be immobilized.

[1] R. Inoue, T. Kanaya, T. Masuda, K. Nishida, O. Yamamuro Macromolecules 45, 6008 (2012)
[2] R. Zorn, P. Szymoniak, M. A. Kolmangadi, A. Wolf, D. Alentiev, M. Bermeshev, M. Böhning, A. Schönhals Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 22, 18381 (2020)
[3] A. Schönhals, P. Szymoniak, M. A, Kolmangadi, M. Böhning, M., Zamponi, B. Frick, M. Appel, G. Günther, M. Russina, D. Alentiev, M. Bermeshev, R. Zorn, R. Journal of Membrane Science 642 119972 (2022)

E-mail for corresponding author: andreas.schoenhals@bam.de

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