Dec 8 – 10, 2020 Online only
Online event
Europe/Berlin timezone

Technical design of a levitated dipole for confinement of a low-temperature, long-lived, electron-positron plasma

Dec 9, 2020, 2:30 PM
3h 30m
Online event

Online event

Poster UM: Nuclear, Particle, and Astrophysics Joint poster session of MLZ User Meeting and DN2020


Alexander Card (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik)


A low-temperature, long-lived (LTLL) electron-positron pair plasma has never been produced in a laboratory environment. The APEX project aims to do so by accumulating positrons from the NEPOMUC beam at MLZ and inject them into a magnetic trap formed with a levitated coil in order to study the unique plasma behavior pair plasmas are expected to exhibit. We present technical design plans for this experiment. A closed coil wound with high-temperature REBCO superconducting tape will produce the dipole field. The closed dipole coil (floating coil) will be magnetically levitated by use of a water-cooled copper coil (lifting coil) located above the floating coil. A feedback circuit will vary the lifting coil current in response to input from three laser rangefinders. A cooled radiation shield (RS) insulates the floating coil from room temperature radiation. We estimate a total levitation time on the order of hours. The RS is segmented into eleven electrodes. ExB drift is utilized to move incoming positrons onto closed field lines. The floating coil is mechanically lifted into place and cooled by retracting into a small sub-chamber, which is then pressurized with helium to provide thermal contact with the cold faces. The superconducting charging coil is integrated into this sub-chamber, allowing the floating coil to sit on-plane with the charging coil thus enabling efficient inductive charging. Assembly and first tests with positrons are expected early 2021.

Primary authors

Alexander Card (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik) Matthew Stoneking (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik) Thomas Sunn Pedersen (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik) APEX collaboration (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik)

Presentation materials