8-10 December 2020 Online only
Online event
Europe/Berlin timezone

Contribution List

256 / 256
SUBHADIP JANA, Shibabrata Nandi (JCNS2) , Mr Jörg Persson (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS-2) and Peter Grünberg Institut (PGI-4), JARA-FIT, 52425 Jülich, Germany) , Martin Meven (RWTH Aachen University, Institute of Crystallography - Outstation at MLZ) , Rajesh Dutta (Institut für Kristallographie, RWTH Aachen University) , Thomas Brückel (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH)
08/12/2020, 15:50
UM: Quantum Phenomena
Talk

In the last few years, Mn3Sn has shown a large interest in condensed matter physics community due to the Weyl Semimetallic nature of this compound. Due to the emergent Berry flux from the Weyl points, Mn3Sn shows interesting properties like Anomalous Hall Effect, Chiral magnetic effect, and other non-local transport properties.
Along with exotic transport properties, this material shows...

Peter Müller-Buschbaum (TU München, Physik-Department, LS Funktionelle Materialien) , Stephan Förster (Forschungszentrum Jülich)
09/12/2020, 09:00
UM: Plenary
Plenary talk

The MLZ directors will give an update about the MLZ during 2020 and the plans for 2021.

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Tobias Widmann (TU München, Physik Department, LS Funktionelle Materialien)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The investigation of thin soft matter films with neutrons allows a non-destructive probe with good scattering statistics. It is used in a broad field of scientific interest that studies structures and performance of various soft matter systems such as hydrogels or organic solar cells. However, soft matter samples are very sensitive to humidity and temperature and require well-defined ambient...

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Adam Deller (IPP)
09/12/2020, 14:30
UM: Nuclear, Particle, and Astrophysics
Poster

The APEX collaboration aims to produce a neutral pair plasma, comprised of equal quantities of electrons and positrons, confined by the magnetic field of a levitated dipole. More than $10^{10}$ positrons are needed to achieve a short-Debye-length plasma with a volume of 10 litres and a temperature of $\sim 1$~eV, which necessitates new advances in positron accumulation. Buffer-gas positron...

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Julian Eliah Heger
09/12/2020, 14:30

Nanostructured metal oxides such as TiO2 play a major role in hybrid photovoltaics. They can serve as the inorganic charge acceptor of the active layer. For this, a designed structure is of high importance to address different challenges on different length scales. This includes mesoscopic pores for an eased backfilling of the organic donor material and a high interfacial area between donor...

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Yiyong Han (Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The water management in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) has been studied extensively with neutron imaging. In contrast, for anionic electrolyte membrane fuel cells (AEMFCs), which provide a high economic potential based on the fact that no noble metal catalysers need to be employed, very few studies of water management exist to date.
A main limitation of investigating the...

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Neelima Paul (Technical University of Munich, Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ))
09/12/2020, 14:30

Commercial 18650-type C/LiNi0.33Mn0.33Co0.33O2 lithium-ion cells were exposed to different charging, discharging and resting conditiones to understand their influence on the aging behaviour. When cycled with a standard 1C charging and discharging rate and different resting times, the cells show a nonlinear capacity fade after a few hundred equivalent full cycles. By increasing the discharging...

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Simon Sebold (MLZ)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Electrical steel sheets are used as the magnetic cores of electric engines. Stress in such sheets causes energy loss during the reversal of magnetization due to the magneto-elastic effect, which can be used to guide the magnetic flux. Such change in the magnetic properties can be detected by neutron grating interferometry (nGI), which allows to map ferromagnetic domains in bulk materials...

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Ms Kristina Vlášková (Kristina)
09/12/2020, 14:30

$A_2Zr_2O_7$ oxides have been studied partially because of their possible use in the storage of nuclear waste (1) or as a photochemical catalyst materials (2). The overall $A_2Zr_2O_7$ structure is cubic (of pyrochlore type for light rare earth, defect-fluorite type for heavy rare earth ones). The pyrochlore zirconates are thoroughly investigated quantum spin ice candidates, whereas heavy rare...

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Mr Abdullah Shehada (National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Experimental work and simulations were carried out to determine the angular distributions of neutrons and yields of the 9Be(d, n) reaction overall angular range (360 deg) on a thick beryllium target as an accelerator-based neutron source at incident-deuteron energy 13.6 MeV. The neutron activation method was used in the experimental part using aluminum and iron foils as detectors to calculate...

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Alistair Cameron (TU Dresden)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Cold-neutron triple-axis spectrometers (TAS) are focused on the investigation of low-energy excitations within condensed matter physics, covering a broad selection of topics from superconductivity to magnetism. The original design of this type of spectrometer measures an individual point in a large (Q, E) space for each instrument setting. In order to increase the useful signal on TAS,...

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Markus Köhli (University of Heidelberg)
09/12/2020, 14:30

With Boron-10 converters replacing helium-3 the total sensitive detector area per instrument increased likewise due to the lower efficiency per layer. However, commonly used alloys for substrates contain a significant amount of radioisotopes which lead to an undesired background counting rate. For detector applications exposed to a low flux, like in our case measuring environmental neutrons...

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Michaela Schauer (LMU München) , Xiaosong Li (TUM/FRM II) , Dr Kai Kaniuth (LMU München)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The chemical fingerprint of a representative corpus of sherds from Central Europe, North Africa, Western and Central Asia was identified by using neutron activation analysis (NAA) at the FRM II. A first batch of 30 homogenized pottery samples from archaeological field projects of LMU researchers were analysed using standard procedures following both short and long-time irradiation and measured...

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Dr Karl Zeitelhack (MLZ)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The upcoming high-intensity powder diffractometer ERWIN at MLZ and the cold-neutron powder diffractometer DMC at the Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland, will be equipped with new fast and high-resolution two-dimensional position-sensitive curved 3He-based Multi-Wire Proportional Chambers (MWPC) covering 130° horizontal and 14° vertical acceptance. The fully modular design is adopted from a...

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Dr Zsolt Révay
09/12/2020, 14:30

MLZ offers several instruments for chemical analysis. Prompt Gamma Activation Analysis (PGAA) is located in the neutron guide hall, and uses the strongest cold neutron beam of the world. PGAA is based on radiative neutron capture, and is used for the determination of major and minor components, and several trace elements in the samples non-destructively. The method proved to be unique in the...

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Peixi Wang (Workgroup Polymer Interfaces, TUM Department of Physics, Technical University of Munich)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Co-nonsolvency occurs if a mixture of two good solvents causes the collapse or demixing of polymers into a polymer-rich and a solvent-rich phase in a certain range of compositions of these two solvents. The nonionic thermo-responsive polymer, poly(isopropylmethacrylamide) (PNIPMAM), which features a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) in aqueous solution, has been widely used to...

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Michael Heere
09/12/2020, 14:30

The Energy research with Neutrons (ErwiN) instrument is meant to be used for the investigation of energy storage materials, also integrated in complete components and under real operating conditions. Thus, it is possible to scan a large parameter space (e.g. temperature, state of charge, charge rate, fatigue degree) for the investigation of modern functional materials in kinetic and...

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Zhanwen Ma (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Compact accelerator-based neutron sources (CANS) have the potential to generate neutron beams for scattering studies comparable to research reactors. Such a source is currently developed at Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS). It is expected to provide thermal and cold neutrons with high brilliance and is therefore called “High Brilliance Source” (HBS). In this framework, the performance...

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Dr Amitesh Paul
09/12/2020, 14:30

We have combined two complementary techniques, element sensitive ex situ X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and in situ polarized neutron reflectivity (i-PNR), to determine the values of evolving magnetic moments obtained from a low symmetry system of hetero-epitaxial Fe monolayers (MLs), as a function of thickness. The samples were grown by magnetron sputtering on face-centered-cubic...

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Anna-Lena Oechsle (TU München, Physik-Department, LS Funktionelle Materialien)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Nowadays thermoelectric generators are considered a promising technique for heat waste recovery as they enable a direct conversion of a temperature gradient into electrical power. Nevertheless, so far these devices are made of inorganic semiconducting bulk alloy materials like Bi2Te3, which typically contain rare and toxic elements, and are very difficult and expensive to process. Therefore,...

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Luman Haris (Forschungszentrum Jülich)
09/12/2020, 14:30
DN: Life Science/ Biology
Poster

Prothymosin Alpha (ProTa) is one of the peculiar intrinsically disordered proteins. It is strongly negatively charged and is directly involved in various cellular mechanisms such as chromatin modification. Previous studies on that protein using single molecule techniques revealed structural changes when exposed to a strong denaturant Guanidinium Chloride (GndCl). Additionally, the emergence of...

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Julija Reitenbach (Technical University of Munich, Chair of Functional Materials)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Stimuli responsive thin films combine the advantages of polymers in bulk, i.e., their increased stability and of polymer solutions, i.e., their fast response and therefore are attractive for a wide range of applications. Towards future applications, we investigate the not yet well understood phenomenon of cononsolvency. For this we prepared thin films of the thermoresponsive diblock copolymers...

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Marialucia Longo (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS)
09/12/2020, 14:30
DN: Life Science/ Biology
Poster

The Covid-19 pandemic is a global challenge with unprecedented individual health, societal and economic impact. Scientific research is needed in many fields in order to find solutions for these new challenges. This conference contribution sheds light on how neutrons can contribute to this endeavor. It especially addresses what research options are available at the MLZ for COVID-19 research. Of...

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Marie-Sousai APPAVOU (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS) at Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ), Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The neutron instrumentation at the MLZ, in particular Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS), reflectometry and macromolecular crystallography allow to investigate structures in the range from one up to several hundred nm in reciprocal space with high statistical accuracy.
In soft matter and biology the neutron contrast between hydrogen and deuterium is used to gain deep and quantitative...

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Wiebke Lohstroh (Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ), Technische Universität München)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The European Spallation Source (ESS) is expected to be the world’s most powerful neutron source. Among the endorsed instruments foreseen for day one instrumentation at ESS, is the cold time-of-flight spectrometer CSPEC, collaboration between the Technische Universität München, and the Laboratoire Léon Brillouin. CSPEC will probe the structures, dynamics, and functionality of large hierarchical...

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Mr Manuel Lebert (Physik-Department ENE, TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30
UM: Nuclear, Particle, and Astrophysics
Poster

The PERC (Proton and Electron Radiation Channel) facility is currently under construction at the MEPHISTO beamline of the FRM II, Garching. It will serve as an intense and clean source of electrons and protons from neutron beta decay for precision studies. It aims to improve the measurements of the properties of weak interaction by one order of magnitude and to search for new physics via new...

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Andrea Ridolfi (National Research Council, Institute of Nanostructured Materials (CNR-ISMN); University of Florence)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Non-lamellar lipid membranes are highly relevant in lots of biological processes like exo/endocytosis, and cell division; an interesting case is represented by inverse bicontinuous cubic phase membranes. By designing biologically inspired synthetic bicontinuous cubic phase membranes, it is possible to exploit the amphiphilic nature of their lipid components to encapsulate hydrophobic,...

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Jia-Jhen Kang (Physik-Department, Technische Universität München)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Molecular brushes with thermoresponsive copolymer side chains have attracted attention for drug delivery purposes because of their elongated shape and their versatility. In the present work, two molecular brushes having copolymer side chains composed of poly(propylene oxide) (P) and poly(ethylene oxide) (E) are studied in aqueous solution. The side chains are either a diblock (PbE) or a random...

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Lars Wiehemeier
09/12/2020, 14:30

The most brilliant and most powerful neutron source in the world, the European Spallation Source ESS, is currently built in Lund. In the scope of the project “FlexiProb” three modular sample environments for the investigation of soft matter samples to maximize the potential of the ESS with regard to the very high neutron flux are being developed.
These are sample environments for small angle...

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Mr Ran Tang (Technical Univertsity Munich)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Mushroom is a concept of an indirect neutron spectrometer with its secondary spectrometer based on a super flat-cone analyser made of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite with an array of position-sensitive detectors (PSD) below it. This combination of the analyser and PSD gives the complete information of the outgoing wave vectors from each detected point on the PSDs. The idea has been first...

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Lukas Link (Universität Stuttgart)
09/12/2020, 14:30

We discovered nitrogen/defect ordering leading to elpasolite-type superstructures in inverse perovskites with the general composition (A3Nx)Tt (A = Ca, Sr, Ba; Tt = Si, Ge, Sn, Pb). Due to the large scattering length of nitrogen, neutron powder diffraction is crucial when it comes to illuminating the nature of these superstructures.
For example, high quality powder X-ray diffraction patterns...

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Friederike Gräbitz-Bräuer (Universität Bielefeld, PCIII)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The saponin glycyrrhizin is the main sweet-tasting part of the liquorice root and is often used as a sweetener and emulsifier. It is known to interact strongly with cholesterol and has anti-viral activity. Using small, unilamellar lipid vesicle (SUV) as model membrane, we study the mixing properties of glycyrrhizin with the phospholipid 1,2-dimyristoyl-$sn$-glycero-phosphocholine (DMPC) by...

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Thomas Mueller (JCNS)
09/12/2020, 14:30

DNS is a polarised high intensity cold-neutron time-of-flight spectrometer at MLZ. It is situated between MIRA and SPHERES on neutron guide 6 and uses a wavelength between 2.4 Å and 6 Å. DNS has the capability to allow unambiguous separations of nuclear coherent, spin incoherent and magnetic scattering contributions simultaneously by polarization analysis over a large range of scattering...

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Christian Beck (Institut Laue Langevin)
09/12/2020, 14:30
DN: Life Science/ Biology
Poster

The investigation of protein diffusion is essential for a comprehensive understanding of living cells.
Recently, the volume fraction dependence of the short-time center-of-mass self-diffusion of immunoglobulin (IgG) in naturally crowded environments has been reported. A remarkable agreement between simulations and experiment explained the agreement between the volume fraction dependence of...

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Ulrich Rücker (JCNS, Forschungszentrum Jülich)
09/12/2020, 14:30

In a CANS, different from a research reactor or a spallation source, the primary neutrons are produced inside a volume below 200 cm$^3$. One of the main requirements for a well-optimized research neutron source is to convert this compact fast neutron cloud into a compact thermal neutron cloud. There the geometry needs to be suitable for the extraction of neutron beams towards the instruments....

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Daniel Hausmann
09/12/2020, 14:30

The newly developed polycrystalline Co-base superalloy CoWAlloy2 provides a high potential for application as wrought alloy due to the large gap between solidus and y' solvus temperature along with a high y' volume fraction. The scope of this study was to maximize the high-temperature strength and to optimize the y/y' microstructure by adjusting the multi-step heat treatments.
The...

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Lisa Fruhner (JCNS-1, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Neutron scattering experiments involving soft matter materials often require specific contrast to observe different parts of the materials. In order to increase the availability of deuterium labelled materials, we are establishing deuteration support to MLZ users. At this state, we are focusing on a limited number of projects, but in the future, a proposal based deuteration service will be...

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Jiangong Zhu
09/12/2020, 14:30

18650-type cells comprising of LiNi0.54Co0.15Mn0.31O2 and LiNi0.87Co0.07Al0.06O2 as cathode and graphite as the anode are cycled at various SoC ranges. Inconsistent capacity fade is found, indicating that the medium SoC range cycling with less capacity loss behaves better than the high and low SoC ranges, while the low SoC range cycling tends to have nonlinear capacity fade. The...

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Mr PRABHA SHANKAR - (NECTAR (FRM II), TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Event-Mode Imaging is a method where the final image is obtained as a summation of individually acquired particle interactions. In fast neutron scintillators, scattering of the high energy neutrons generates recoil protons. Ionization by the protons leads to creation of visible light in the form of a cone. The low spatial resolution in fast neutron imaging results from blurring introduced by...

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Olga Matsarskaia (Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, France)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Studying thermal protein denaturing provides valuable information on structural and dynamic aspects related to protein function. Here, we use small-angle and quasielastic neutron scattering (SANS and QENS) to shed light on the denaturing of bovine serum albumin (BSA) in the presence and absence of NaCl.

SANS reveals the temperature-dependent formation of a crosslinked BSA network. The...

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Mr Tianfu Guan, Prof. Peter Müller-Buschbaum
09/12/2020, 14:30

Plasmonics include various aspects of surface plasmons, which utilize light-metal interactions. In applications, surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and the near field from localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) can be beneficial for light absorption as well as electrical characteristics of photoelectronic devices. The utilization of plasmonic metal nanoparticles (NPs) is frequently...

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Suo Tu (Institute of Functional Materials)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Organic semiconductors have attracted intensed attention because of their potential use in mechanically flexible, lightweight, and inexpensive electronic devices. Especially, PEDOT:PSS is the most studied conducting polymer system in thermoelectric devices due to its intrinsically high electrical conductivity, low thermal conductivity, and high mechanical flexibility. The energy conversion...

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Dominika Zakutna (Institut Laue-Langevin)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Being intrinsic to nanomaterials, disorder effects crucially determine the properties of magnetic nanoparticles, such as their heating performance [1-3]. However, despite the great technological relevance and fundamental importance, a quantitative interpretation of the three-dimensional magnetic configuration and the nanoscale distribution of spin disorder within magnetic nanoparticles remains...

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Mr Jiatong Li (Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The High Brilliance Neutron Source (HBS) project was initiated at the Jülich Centre for Neutron Science of the Forschungszentrum Jülich (JCNS). This project aims to develop an accelerator-driven pulsed neutron source operating at low energy (below the spallation threshold) with high current ion beams (~100 mA) and optimized to deliver high brilliance neutron beams to a variety of neutron...

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Lennart Reb (TUM E13)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are promising for future and sustainable power production because they can be processed via up-scalable industrial deposition techniques such as printing or spray casting. Sputtering is a common technique for large scale metal electrode deposition. Understanding and controlling the interface formation during the sputtering process on perovskite is therefore...

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Christian L. Weindl (TUM Physik)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Latest research in the field of hybrid photovoltaics focuses on the benefits of inorganic and organic materials. Flexibility, low cost and large-scale production are the most valuable properties of organic components whereas the inorganic components add chemical and physical stability. So far thin films based on titanium dioxide are well investigated, whereas less is known about...

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Markus Hoelzel
09/12/2020, 14:30

In this contribution we present an overview on specifications, applications and recent developments at high-resolution powder diffractometer SPODI. The presentation includes the various setups and sample environmental devices which are available for in-situ materials characterization. Another key aspect is the illustration of current research areas, supported by statistics on publications....

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Dr Keller Thomas (MPI outstation at the FRM II)
09/12/2020, 14:30

We present the capabilities of TRISP both for high-resolution spectroscopy and diffraction and show typical experimental examples. TRISP is a thermal three axis spectrometer incorporating the resonant spin-echo technique. Typical applications include the measurement of linewidths of phonons and spin excitations in an energy range 0.5-50meV, and the energy width of quasi-elastic scattering,...

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Nian Li
09/12/2020, 14:30

Mesoporous titania films with ordered nanostructures show great promise in various applications, e.g. solar cells. To optimize solar cell performance, pre-synthesized crystalline germanium (Ge) nanocrystals around 10 nm are introduced into mesoporous titania films. The influence of different annealing atmosphere (air and argon) on the morphology and properties of the titania/Ge composite films...

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Dr Martin Meven (RWTH Aachen University, Institute of Crystallography - Outstation at MLZ)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Diffraction with neutrons is one of the most versatile tools for detailed structure analysis on various hot topics related to physics, chemistry and mineralogy. The scd HEiDi at the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) offers high flux, high resolution and large q range, low absorption and high sensitivity for light elements by using the Hot Source of FRM II.

At very high temperatures studies...

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Mr Arnab Majumdar (Helmholtz Zentrum Geesthacht)
09/12/2020, 14:30
DN: Digitalization and Machine Learning
Poster

The world of computing always strives for a faster solution. The current work made an effort to make the program sassena faster, which calculates the neutron and x-ray.scattering data from atomic simulations, such as molecular dynamics (MD). This can be achieved using different parallelization strategies, e.g. vectorization, thread-based parallelism and distributed memory parallelism. Current...

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David Keeble (University of Dundee)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Metal halide perovskites are remarkable optoelectronic materials, within a decade the photovoltaic (PV) power-conversion efficiencies have risen from a few percent to exceed 25%. Yet advance toward the theoretical Shockley-Queisser limit value has slowed and this has been attributed to defect-assisted nonradiative recombination. First-principles calculations provide detailed insight on point...

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Mr Mirco Eckardt (University of Bayreuth)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Organic ligands are commonly employed to stabilize nanoparticle sizes, shapes and long-term colloidal stability in dispersions. For Cadmium chalcogenides, ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) seems a good candidate due to its strong chelating action towards Cd2+. Further, EDTA-capped CdS nanoparticles were proven to be stable in aqueous dispersion at room temperature over months.[1,2]
Without...

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Mr Suzhe Liang (E13, Physik-Department, TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Due to the high theoretical capacity (3860 mAh g-1) and the lowest discharge/charge potential (-3.04 V vs. standard hydrogen electrode) of the lithium metal anode, rechargeable lithium metal batteries have been identified as one of the most advanced energy storage systems, which hold great promise for practical applications. However, lithium metal batteries suffer from serious safety concerns...

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Dr Tobias E. Schrader (Juelich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS))
09/12/2020, 14:30
DN: Life Science/ Biology
Poster

What is well established at many synchrotron beam lines is still in the development phase at neutron instruments: in situ light scattering techniques for on-beam sample control. Biological samples often show a sufficiently broad spectral range where light absorption does not play a dominant role. This enables in situ sample control using dynamic and static light scattering techniques. Many...

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Victoria Kononikhina (Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Intermetallic TiAl alloys represent a novel class of lightweight high temperature materials for applications in aero and automobile industries. One of their most impressive example of use is replacing the twice as dense Ni-based turbine blades in the last stages of the aero engine in the Airbus A320neo family, yielding to a decrease of noise and CO2 emission.
Nevertheless, there is need for...

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Kerstin Wienhold
09/12/2020, 14:30

Printing of active layers for application in organic solar cells with a meniscus-guided slot-die coating technique is a promising approach to overcome the up-scaling challenge, which is one of the main drawbacks in the field of organic photovoltaics on their way to marketability. Thin films of the conjugated high-efficiency polymer PBDB-T-SF and the non-fullerene small molecule acceptor IT-4F,...

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Cecilia Solis
09/12/2020, 14:30

The new Ni-based superalloy VDM 780, developed for high temperature applications that require good mechanical properties (as gas turbines), shows the presence of only $\gamma$’ hardening precipitates. The absence of the instable $\gamma$’’ hardening phase, which transforms into $\delta$ phase at 650 °C resulting in a loss of creep resistance, will allow its use at higher operation...

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Frank Kuemmel
09/12/2020, 14:30

Polycrystalline Ni-base superalloys are frequently used materials for high-temperature applications like turbine discs. To get a deep knowledge of the precipitation kinetics during the thermomechanical production process and under service conditions, a new testing machine is built at the Research Neutron Source (FRM II) at MLZ in Germany to perform tension and compression loading up to 100 kN...

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Jiri Kislinger (Anton Paar GmbH)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Material research in all its complexity continuously calls for new analysis solutions to solve sophisticated issues in one go.
Rheology deals with the flow and deformation of matter. Applying shear force to a material can result in orientation or crystallization. With small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) structural parameters of nanomaterials such as size, shape, inner structure, and...

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Ms Xinyu Xinyu Jiang
09/12/2020, 14:30

Organic solar cells (OSCs) have underwent significant improvements via both, novel organic synthesis and easy fabrication methods. However, the peeling-off of the top electrode fabricated by thermal evaporation (TA) leads to an intrinsic device degradation, which is one of the main reasons for the performance losses of OSCs. TA has the drawback of establishing only a soft contact between the...

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Robert Georgii
09/12/2020, 14:30

Incommensurate magnetic structures like Helimagnons and Skyrmions are currently intensively studied. Due to their large periodicity they often show very low-lying excitations, where most of the interesting physics is taking place below some meV. The cold-neutron three-axis spectrometer MIRA is an instrument optimized for such low-energy excitations at small Q transfers. Its excellent intrinsic...

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Gaetano Mangiapia (German Engineering Materials Science Centre (GEMS) am Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ))
09/12/2020, 14:30

Cell membranes play a fundamental role in protecting the cell from its surroundings, in addition to hosting many proteins with fundamental biological tasks. Drugs are able to perturb the structure of cell membranes, which can ultimately give rise to undesirable effects. Thus, a study of drug/lipid interactions is a necessary and important step in fully clarifying the role and action mechanism...

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Sebastian Jaksch (Physicist)
09/12/2020, 14:30
DN: Life Science/ Biology
Poster

Phospholipid membranes are the construction material of cell membranes and solutions of phospholipid vesicles find a range of applications in technical, medical and biological applications.
We previously showed the structure (neutron reflectometry, GISANS) and the dynamic behavior (GINSES) of L-α-phosphatidylcholine (SoyPC) phospholipid membranes. [1,2] We established a multi-lamellar...

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Dr Itziar Serrano-Munoz (BAM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Laser Powder Bed Fusion (L-PBF) is an additive manufacturing technique enabling the design of complex geometries that are unrivalled by conventional production technologies. Nevertheless, L-PBF process is known to induce a high amount of residual stresses (RS) due to the high temperature gradients present during powder melting by laser. High tensile residual stresses are to be found the edges...

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Markus Singer
09/12/2020, 14:30
UM: Nuclear, Particle, and Astrophysics
Poster

Towards the goal of magnetically confined low-energy electron-positron plasmas, the APEX collaboration has already demonstrated significant progress in injecting and confining the high-flux reactor-based positron beam, produced in the NEPOMUC facility. As previous work had focused on the single-particle regime, questions on the role of collective effects on positron injection via ExB drift...

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Dr Dmitry Gorkov (Universität zu Köln, Technische Universität München, FRMII)
09/12/2020, 14:30

KOMPASS is a polarized cold-neutron three axes spectrometer (TAS) currently undergoing its final construction phase at the MLZ in Garching. The instrument is designed to exclusively work with polarized neutrons and optimized for zero-field spherical neutron polarization analysis for measuring all elements of the polarization matrix. In contrast to other TASs, KOMPASS is equipped with a unique...

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Dr Artem Feoktystov (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, JCNS at MLZ)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The KWS-1 small-angle neutron scattering instrument is operated by JCNS at MLZ [1]. The instrument covers a q-range from 0.0007 to 0.5 Å⁻¹ with a selectable wavelength span from 4.7 to 20 Å. The maximum neutron flux on the sample is 1×10⁸ cm⁻² s⁻¹, making it one of the most intense SANS instruments in the world.

The instrument is equipped with transmission supermirror polarizer, adiabatic...

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Christian Lang (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH)
09/12/2020, 14:30

KWS-2 is a classical SANS diffractometer using a combination of pinholes with different neutron-wavelengths and detector distances as well as a focusing mode with MGF2 lenses to reach a large q-range between 0.0002 and 0.5 1/Å. A wide-angle detection option is currently planned to allow for measurements up to 2 1/Å, by combining SANS and WANS methods.
The instrument is designed for high...

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Vitaliy Pipich, Baohu Wu (JCNS-MLZ, FZ Juelich)
09/12/2020, 14:30

KWS-3 is a very small angle neutron scattering diffractometer operated by JCNS at Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) in Garching, Germany. The principle of this instrument is one-to-one imaging of an entrance aperture onto a 2D position sensitive detector by neutron reflection from a double-focusing toroidal mirror. In current state, KWS-3 is covering Q-range between 3·10-5 and 2·10-2 Å-1 and...

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Prof. Shuai Wei (Aarhus University)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Phase-change materials can be rapidly and reversibly switched between the amorphous and crystalline states in a few nanoseconds. They have been successfully employed for non-volatile phase-change memory applications. However, the dynamics of atomic rearrangement processes and their temperature dependence, which govern their ultrafast switching, are not fully understood. Here, using...

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Charlotte Fritsch
09/12/2020, 14:30

To understand the impact of different dopants (Al, Ta, Nb, W) on the structure and ion conductivity of the solid electrolyte LLZO (Li7La3Zr2O12) on all length scales, we performed XRD, X-PDF, 6Li NMR and neutron diffraction experiments. The dopants Nb and Ta yielded cubic structured LLZO with highest ionic conductivities amongst this class of solid state electrolytes. Additionally, we observed...

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Hailong Shi, Yudong Zhang (LEM3 UMR 7239 CNRS, Université de Lorraine)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Graphene nanosheets (GNS) reinforced copper (Cu) matrix composites were fabricated through electrophoretic deposition (EPD) and vacuum hot-pressing sintering process. The bulk texture of the as-sintered pure Cu and the GNS/Cu shows that a strong cube component formed in the GNS/Cu, while the pure Cu sintered with the same method exhibits coarse grains with random orientations. Thereafter, the...

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Lucian Mathes
09/12/2020, 14:30

A new positron beam setup has been put into operation for Doppler-broadening experiments with low energy positrons in order to allow the investigation of surfaces and near-surface defect structures. Positrons provided by a $^{22}$Na source are moderated in a $1~\mu\textrm{m}$ single crystalline tungsten foil from which they are guided to the sample chamber by longitudinal and transverse...

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Andreas Ostermann
09/12/2020, 14:30

Neutron single crystal diffraction provides an experimental method for the direct location of hydrogen and deuterium atoms in biological macromolecules, thus providing important complementary information to that gained by X-ray crystallography. At the MLZ the neutron single crystal diffractometer BIODIFF, a joint project of the Forschungszentrum Jülich and the FRM II, is dedicated to structure...

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Dmytro Inosov (TU Dresden)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Anisotropic low-temperature properties of the cubic helimagnet ZnCr2Se4 in the single-domain spin-spiral state are investigated by a combination of neutron scattering, thermal conductivity,and dilatometry measurements. In an applied magnetic field, neutron spectroscopy shows a complex and nonmonotonic evolution of the spin-wave spectrum across the quantum-critical point...

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Alexander Bugrov (Institute of Macromolecular Compounds, Russian Academy of Science)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The development of composite materials based on graphene, included in polymer matrices of different nature, and the study of the relationship between their structure and properties using complementary methods of research are due to several reasons. First is the search for new magnetic materials promising in spin electronics. Second, there is interest in physical processes in highly defective...

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Dr Nikolaos Biniskos (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich Centre for Neutron Science at MLZ, Lichtenbergstrasse 1, 85748 Garching, Germany)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The antiferromagnetic compound Mn5Si3 is an interesting material for applications since it is hosting rich physics, such as the inverse magnetocaloric effect [1] and a large anomalous Hall effect [2]. Despite the intense research activity over the past decades [1-5], many open questions remain regarding the minimal magnetic model Hamiltonian, the role of the spin fluctuations in the...

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Dr Alexander Evans (BAM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Additive manufacturing (AM) technologies are experiencing a rapid growth. They promise breakthrough in engineering design (tailored parts), efficiency (environmental impact), and performance (safety). Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) is an AM method permitting the fabrication of complex structures that cannot otherwise be conventionally produced. Nevertheless, the high cooling rates associated...

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Alexandros Koutsioumpas (JCNS)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The high-intensity reflectometer MARIA of JCNS is installed in the neutron guide hall of the FRM II reactor and is using a velocity selector (4.5Å<λ¬<40Å) as a primary wavelength filter with 10% resolution. In combination with a Fermi-Chopper the wavelength resolution can be increased to 1% or 3%. The beam is optionally polarized by a double-reflecting super mirror and the elliptically...

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Sergei Evsevleev
09/12/2020, 14:30

Aluminum alloys are extensively used in the automotive industry. Particularly, squeeze casting production of Al-Si alloys is employed in the conception of metal matrix composites (MMC) for combustion engines. Such materials are of a high interest since they allow combining improved mechanical properties and reduced weight and hence improve efficiency. Being a multiphase material, most MMCs...

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Mr Jonas von Kobylinski ( Lehrstuhl für Werkstoffkunde und Werkstoffmechanik TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Previous studies found non-monotonous lattice strain evolutions at small plastic deformations in the Nickel-based superalloys Inconel 718 and Haynes 282. For studying the micromechanical causes of this behaviour, the dependence of these effects on dislocation density, deformation history, and temperature history was examined. Due to the material‘s more readily observable non-monotonous lattice...

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Francesco Grazzi (CNR-IFAC)
09/12/2020, 14:30

It is evident from several analyses performed on steel samples that the production of arms and armor used cutting edge technology of that time so a study of such artefacts can give fundamental details about the technological skills of a specific area or period. In order to correlate similar samples of a specific age or provenance, it is important to build trustworthy classification parameters....

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Henrik Gabold
09/12/2020, 14:30

Neutron Spin Echo is a techniques to obtain high resolution which uses the spin to record information. It is used to observe slow phenomena, which are correlated to relaxation processes, e.g. correlations between atomic positions or spin orientations. Here these phenomena manifest itself in an inelastic broadening of the structure factor S(Q) revealing time domains of inelastic processes that...

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Ms Qi Ding
09/12/2020, 14:30

The High Brilliance Neutron Source (HBS) project was initiated at the Jülich Centre for Neutron Science of the Forschungszentrum Jülich (JCNS). It aims to develop a medium neutron source facility based on a linear accelerator, scalable up to 70 MeV proton energy and optimized to deliver high brilliance neutron beams to a variety of neutron instruments. In the framework of this project a...

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Shanshan yin
09/12/2020, 14:30

Mesoporous Fe2O3 thin films with large area homogeneity demonstrate tremendous application potential in photovoltaic industry, lithium ion batteies, gas or magnetic sensors. In the present work, the synthesis of morphology‐controlled Fe2O3 thin films is realized with the polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) diblock copolymer assissted sol-gel chemistry. The effect of the solvent...

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Volker Körstgens (TU München)
09/12/2020, 14:30

One aspect for the development of non-conventional solar cells should be the sustainability of the production process of devices. Following this idea, we developed hybrid solar cells, which can be processed out of aqueous solution. The active layer of these devices is based on laser-processed titania nanoparticles dispersed in a water-soluble polythiophene. The active layers were produced with...

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Sebastian Grott (TU München, Physik-Department, Lehrstuhl für Funktionelle Materialien)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Over the last decades, the focus of research has been shifted towards the field of organic electronics due to their advantageous properties, such as low-cost manufacturing processes, versatility, flexibility, as well as their tunable characteristics, such as absorption and solubility. These properties open up a wide range of applications, especially, in the field of photovoltaics. Hence,...

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Dr Adrian Losko (Technische Universität München, Forschungs-Neutronenquelle MLZ (FRMII))
09/12/2020, 14:30

Located at the SR10 at the FRM II, NECTAR is a versatile instrument and designed for the non-destructive inspection of various objects by means of fission neutron radiography and tomography. Compared to the Z-dependency of X-ray and gamma imaging, fission neutrons have the strong advantage of often providing similar contrast for heavy and light materials. Only few facilities around the world...

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Dr Aurel Radulescu (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich Centre for Neutron Science at Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The polymeric materials used in fuel cells applications either as proton (PEMFC) or anion (AEMFC) exchange membranes are characterized by a nanoscale phase separation into hydrophilic domains and hydrophobic crystalline regions, which enables a high conductivity and provides a good chemical and mechanical stability of the membrane. Owing to its high proton conductivity and chemical stability,...

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Thomas Nawroth (Gutenberg-University, Pharmaceutical Technology, Staudingerweg 5)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Pharmaceutical drug formulations for oral delivery depict after patient intake a stepwise structure development of disintegration to micro-particles, dissolution of drug nano-complexes, interaction with bile and lipids and uptake by the intestinal membrane proteins (receptors). The processes are critical for therapy and applicability of drug and formulation, especially with hydrophobic or...

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Christoph Herb (TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The investigation of small samples by neutron scattering is usually very time consuming due to the low available neutron flux density of neutron beams and small signals from the sample. Originally, neutron guides have been used to transport neutrons over large distances to make room for additional beamlines and for improving the signal-to-noise ratio. While being originally proposed to reduce...

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Robert Neagu
09/12/2020, 14:30

Neutron Depth Profiling (NDP) is a non-destructive, isotope-specific, high-resolution nuclear analytical technique, which is often used to probe profiles of lithium, nitrogen, boron, helium and several additional light elements concentration in different host materials. The N4DP experiment is located at the Prompt Gamma Activation Analysis (PGAA) facility of Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ),...

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Weimin Gan (Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The work hardening and softening behaviour of SiCp/Mg-5Zn composites influenced by PDZ (particle deformation zone) size were analysed and discussed using neutron diffraction experiment under in-situ tensile deformation at STRESS-SPEC. Peak broadening evolution was interpreted as the modification of dislocation density, which discovered the effect of dislocation on the work hardening behaviour...

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Jose Manuel Gomez Guzman (Technische Universität München Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ))
09/12/2020, 14:30

The MLZ makes extensive use of modern neutron guides to transport and distribute the neutrons over large distances, which are installed and maintained by the neutron optics group. Adapted to the needs of the instruments with respect to wavelength distribution and angular dispersion the guide elements are coated by 58Ni or Ni/Ti supermirror coatings with m values up to 3.5 either procured...

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Petra Foerst (TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Lyophilisation refers to the sublimation of ice below the triple point of water. It is employed for dehydrating biopharmaceuticals and high-value foods in frozen state as the structural and nutritional attributes are not affected. The sublimation front divides the dried area from the frozen area. The knowledge about the sublimation front is important to understand process characteristics and...

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Marius Rimmler
09/12/2020, 14:30

The High Brilliance neutron Source (HBS) project aims to develop a scalable Compact Accelerator-driven Neutron Source (CANS) enabling neutron fluxes at the corresponding instruments comparable to medium-flux fission-based research reactors. For scalable CANS, the target material providing the largest neutron yield depends on the energy of the sub-100 MeV primary proton beam. Simulations based...

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Christian Beck (Institut Laue Langevin)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Recent developments in the instrument design of neutron backscattering spectrometers allow to measure the total scattering function $S(q,\omega)$ with quasi-continous energy transfers but also with specific energy transfers - so called elastic fixed window scans (E/IFWS)- with a high energy resolution. While several models have been developed for the analysis of EFWS [1], there are only few...

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Dominik Petz
09/12/2020, 14:30

Lithium-ion batteries lose part of their capacity while they are cycled. This loss is due to various side effects like formation of the solid-electrolyte-interface (SEI), loss of active lithium, etc. The rates of side effects are spatially non-uniformly distributed, due to heterogeneously distributed parameters like temperature and current density. The loss of active lithium can be related to...

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Volodymyr Baran
09/12/2020, 14:30

Li-ion batteries' (LIBs) popularity is a result of their outstanding characteristic, in particular high capacity, long lifetime, no memory effect. Among different form factors, the prismatic cells are mostly used for small electronics, but they also become an attractive option for e-mobility applications in the latest years. Among various experimental tools, the powder diffraction has been a...

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Yury Khaydukov (Max-Planck Institute for Solid State Research) , Thomas Keller (MPI for Solid State Research, Stuttgart)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The high resolution neutron/ X-ray contrast reflectometer NREX, operated by the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, is designed for the determination of structural and magnetic properties of surfaces, interfaces, and thin film systems.
The instrument is an angle-dispersive fixed-wavelength machine with a default wavelength of 4.28 Å. A horizontal focusing monochromator gives the...

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Michael Leitner
09/12/2020, 14:30

The importance of anharmonicity for describing fundamental materials properties, starting from finite heat conductivity due to phonon-phonon scattering, can hardly be overemphasized. For crystalline matter, the principal microscopic gauge is constituted by the broadening in energy of the phonon dispersions, corresponding to q-dependent phonon lifetimes, which is also the main unknown for...

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Shambhavi Pratap (Technische Universität München)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Processes leading up to nucleation are pedantically known to proceed via the emergence of a low-amplitude, long wavelength instability through the material, creating the disturbances for a nucleation process to transpire. Owing to the thermodynamic instability of the high surface energy nanostructures, the nuclei concatenate to form higher surface area intermediates. The processes spanning...

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Astrid Schneidewind, Christian Franz, Igor Radelytskyi (Dr)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The cold three axes spectrometer PANDA offers high neutron flux, high resolution in momentum (Q) and energy (E) combined with low instrumental background. The instrument allows the investigation of systems where small sample sizes are available, or samples with weak scattering cross sections. Specialized sample environment is available for experiments under extreme conditions, such as...

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Dr Thomas Nawroth (Gutenberg-University, Pharmaceutical Technology, Staudingerweg 5)
09/12/2020, 14:30
DN: Life Science/ Biology
Poster

Specific target Nanoparticles for therapy of cancer and other diseases were assembled from lipids, polymers, and pharmaceutical drugs or mRNA. For cell targeting proteins were bound to the surface (corona). The structure in solution is analyzed by dynamic light scattering DLS combined with neutron small angle scattering SANS, SAXS, metal specific X-ray scattering...

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Tobias Neuwirth
09/12/2020, 14:30

Austenitic steel transforms to martensite under applied strain. An undesired modification of the mechanical properties by this process is typically compensated by annealing to restore the austenitic phase. Recently, it has been proposed to introduce a beneficial residual stress state in the material.
A spatially resolved determination of the phase fractions of martensite is required for the...

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Xiaohu Li (FRM2, Physik, TU München)
09/12/2020, 14:30

High entropy alloys (HEAs), which comprise more than five principal elements, are presently of great interest in materials science and engineering. A predication by CALPHAD has been performed in a new AlTiNbVW HEA, which shows that this alloy consists of two similar bcc phases in the as-cast condition. Current work is to study the phase composition in this multicomponent alloy system at...

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Lucas Kreuzer (TU München, Physik Department, E13)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Thermo-responsive polymers show a strong change in volume towards slight changes of their surrounding temperature. While this behavior is well understood for polymers in solution, less is known about the underlying mechanisms in thin film geometry. In our work, we investigate the phase transition kinetics upon increasing temperature in a thermo-responsive block copolymer thin film, that shows...

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Frank Weber (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)
09/12/2020, 14:30

LaCoO3 features two broad crossovers observed around $T_1 = 100 \,\rm{K}$ and $T_2 = 200 \,\rm{K}$. These crossovers are typically associated with the temperature dependent population of excited spin states of the Co$^{3+}$ ion, which evolves upon heating from the low-spin (LS), $S = 0$, to high-spin (HS), $S = 2$, configuration. Since the CoO$_6$ octahedra expands around the larger HS sites,...

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Christina Geiger (Technical University of Munich, Chair of Functional Materials)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The diblock copolymer PMMA-b-PNIPAM forms micelles in solution that feature a permanently hydrophobic core and a thermo-responsive shell. While a typical shell collapse transition can be induced via a temperature stimulus at the LCST, the PNIPAM block is also sensitive to the composition of the surrounding solvent. Although water and organic cosolvents individually act as good solvents to the...

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Yannick Meinerzhagen
09/12/2020, 14:30

POWTEX is a TOF neutron powder diffractometer under construction at MLZ. Funded by Germany’s Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), it is built by RWTH Aachen University and FZ Jülich, with contributions for dedicated texture sample environments from the Geo Science Centre of Göttingen University.
An instrument overview and the advances made in neutron instrumentation will be...

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Oleg Shindelov
09/12/2020, 14:30

The progress of hybrid perovskite materials has amazed the scientific community in the photovoltaic field, demonstrating a rapid progress in the performance within the last 10 years reaching above 25% power conversion efficiency. Now the investigation of ways to move from lab methods (e.g spin-coating) to large-scaled production is required. Those methods include, e.g. roll-to-roll deposition,...

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Ting Tian
09/12/2020, 14:30

ZnO has received much attention over the past years because it has a wide range of properties, including high transparency, piezoelectricity, wide-bandgap semiconductivity, high electron mobility and low crystallization temperature. To improve the photovoltaic performance of ZnO-based hybrid solar cell devices, an interconnected mesoporous inorganic nanostructure is favorable, which can...

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Benedikt Sochor (University Würzburg)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Drug-loaded polymer micelles or nanoparticles are being continuously explored in the fields of drug delivery and nanomedicine. Commonly, a simple core−shell structure is assumed, in which the core incorporates the drug and the corona provides steric shielding, colloidal stability, and prevents protein adsorption. Recently, the interactions of the dissolved drug with the micellar corona have...

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Dr Jens Klenke (FRM II)
09/12/2020, 14:30
UM: Nuclear, Particle, and Astrophysics
Poster

The author will present the ongoing process of the beamline MEPHISTO. The upcoming site acceptance test of the experiment PERC including a new Helium liquefier for the super conducting magnet and a temporary setup of the auxiliary components in the neutron guide hall east will be presented. An outlook will be given to the final installation of the auxiliary components on a new attic on the east hall.

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Jitae Park
09/12/2020, 14:30

In addition to the “normal three axes” mode, PUMA is equipped with the multi-analyzer and -detector setup consisting of 11 arbitrarily configurable analyzer-detector channels suited for kinetic experiments to realize an entire momentum and energy scan in a single shot. Moreover, the same setup can be used also for neutron polarization experiments to determine the spin flip and the non-spin...

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Dr Tobias Schrader
09/12/2020, 14:30

Infrared spectroscopy serves as local probe reporting on specific vibrations in some side chains which are spectrally distant from the complicated infrared spectrum of a protein in solution. But it can also serve as a global probe using the coupling of the amide I or amide II vibrations of the protein backbone. Here, infrared spectroscopy can give information on the fold of the protein and...

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Gaetano Mangiapia (German Engineering Materials Science Centre (GEMS) am Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ))
09/12/2020, 14:30

REFSANS is the horizontal ToF reflectometer at the MLZ in Garching. It is designed to carry out specular and off-specular reflectivity, as well as GISANS studies of solid/liquid, solid/air and liquid/air interfaces. Through ToF analysis, REFSANS gives simultaneous access to a range of Q values (with Qmax/Qmin up to ≈ 7), useful to study air-liquid interfaces and kinetic phenomena.
A...

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Petr Čermák (MGML, Charles University)
09/12/2020, 14:30

MGML (Materials Growth & Measurement Laboratory) in Prague is an open research infrastructure providing access to the instrument suite dedicated to measurements of a rich spectrum of physical properties of materials in a wide range of temperatures, magnetic and electrical fields, and hydrostatic uniaxial pressures. Together there are 18 furnaces, 3 diffractometers, 5 room temperature...

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Neslihan Aslan (HZG, GEMS at MLZ)
09/12/2020, 14:30

On-board hydrogen storage is still a challenge for fuel cell vehicles and other mobile applications. Complex hydrides, which contain ions such as BH4- and NH2-, have a high hydrogen capacity in combination with a low weight of the storage material. For example, Li4BH4(NH2)3 contains 11.1 wt.% hydrogen and desorbs more than 10 wt% at 573-673 K. In previous studies the high desorption...

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Dr Alexander Weber (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH)
09/12/2020, 14:30

We report on the newest development of sample environment at MLZ

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Alexander Ulbricht
09/12/2020, 14:30

Rapid cooling rates and steep temperature gradients are characteristic of additively manufactured parts and important factors for the residual stress (RS) formation.
This study examined the influence of heat accumulation on the distribution of RS in two prisms produced by Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) of austenitic stainless steel 316L.
The layers of the prisms were exposed using two...

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Tilo Seydel (Institut Max von Laue - Paul Langevin)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Salt-induced charges in aqueous suspensions of proteins can give rise to complex phase diagrams including homogeneous solutions, large aggregates, and reentrant dissolution regimes. Moreover, depending on the temperature, a liquid-liquid phase separation may occur within the aggregation regime. Here, we systematically explore the phase diagram of the globular protein BSA via its dynamics as a...

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Mr Wei Cao (TU München, Physik-Department)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Spray deposition is employed to fabricate anisotropic ferromagnetic thin films composed of the ultrahigh molecular weight diblock copolymer (DBC) polystyrene-block-poly(methyl methacrylate) and strontium hexaferrite nanoplates functionalized with hydrophilic groups. During spray deposition, the kinetics of structure evolution of the hybrid films is monitored in situ with grazing incidence...

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Marc Gensch (DESY/TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Nanostructured polymer-metal-composite films demonstrate great perspectives for optoelectronic applications, e.g. as sensors [1] or organic photovoltaics (OPV) [2]. To enhance properties of such devices the metal cluster self-assembly process needs to be understood [3, 4]. We correlate the emerging nanoscale morphologies with electronic properties and quantify the difference in silver growth,...

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Yanan Li (Technische Universität München, Physik-Department, Fachgebiet Physik weicher Materie)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Stimuli-responsive block copolymers self-assemble in aqueous solution and respond to changes of their environment, rendering them useful as smart nanocarriers for drug delivery and gene therapy. In the present project, we investigate responsive micelles formed by PDMAEMA-b-PLMA or PDMAEMA-b-PLMA-b-POEGMA [1,2]. PDMAEMA is a weak cationic polyelectrolyte and responsive to pH,...

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Mr Florian A. Jung (Technische Universität München)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Stimuli-responsive polymers are of interest for applications in drug delivery or tissue engineering. Telechelic block copolymers, where a pH-responsive midblock is end-capped by thermo-responsive end blocks, have great potential due to their ability to form highly tunable micelles or hydrogels.
In the present work, micelles formed by the telechelic pentablock quaterpolymer...

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Ekaterina Buvalaia
09/12/2020, 14:30

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDP) challenge the classical structure function paradigm in structural biology as they have specific function without fixed structure. Specifically, the dynamics of flexible chains seems to be of great importance for fast response to environmental conditions. Since proteins and, in particular, IDPs have properties of charged polymer chains, polyelectrolytes...

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Philipp Ritzert (Technische Universität Darmstadt, Institut für Festkörperphysik)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Polymer chains, grafted to a substrate by one end are usually referred to as polymer brushes (PBs). They are extensively used as thin surface coatings, enabling a tuneable film thickness, as well as high chemical and mechanical stability. Further, a high versatility arises due to the various monomers that can be utilized what may cause sensitivity to external stimuli, e.g. temperature or ionic...

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Ivana Pivarníková (Technical University of Munich, Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ))
09/12/2020, 14:30

Laser structured electrodes for Li-ion batteries have been reported as a promising approach for improvement of battery performance. The contact area between the electrolyte and active material in the electrode can be modified as a result of the three-dimensional structured electrode surface. The effective Li-ion diffusion pathways are shortened during the charging and discharging of the cell....

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Dominik Schwaiger (TUM Physik E13)
09/12/2020, 14:30

In organic photovoltaics, donor - acceptor bulk heterojunctions are often used as active layer due to their superior performance compared to e.g. planar structured devices. In this optically active polymer layer, a photon is absorbed and an exciton created. After diffusion to a donor-acceptor interface, the exciton is dissipated and charge carriers can be extracted at the electrodes.

A...

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Amitesh Paul
09/12/2020, 14:30

Physical properties of nanoclusters, nanostructures and self-assembled nanodots, which in turn are concomitantly dependent upon the morphological properties, can be modulated for functional purposes. Here, in this article, magnetic nanodots of Fe on semiconductor TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) are investigated with time-of-flight grazing incidence small-angle neutron scattering (TOF-GISANS) as a...

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Alexander Card (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik)
09/12/2020, 14:30
UM: Nuclear, Particle, and Astrophysics
Poster

A low-temperature, long-lived (LTLL) electron-positron pair plasma has never been produced in a laboratory environment. The APEX project aims to do so by accumulating positrons from the NEPOMUC beam at MLZ and inject them into a magnetic trap formed with a levitated coil in order to study the unique plasma behavior pair plasmas are expected to exhibit. We present technical design plans for...

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Chia-Hsin Ko (E13, Physik-Department, Technische Universität München.)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Compared to the widely-investigated poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), poly(N-isopropylmethacrylamide) (PNIPMAM) has a higher phase transition temperature (43 °C instead of 32 °C). PNIPMAM has a similar chemical structure as PNIPAM, but the additional methyl groups on its backbone may lead to steric hindrance and weaker intramolecular interactions. To understand how these effects affect the...

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Mr Henrik Thoma (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS at MLZ)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Polarized neutron diffraction (PND) is a powerful method which provides direct access to the scattering contribution from nuclear-magnetic interference and thus reveals the phase difference between the nuclear and magnetic structure. This technique can be utilized to gain a detailed insight in the microscopic spin ordering at the unit cell level even for complex magnetic structures. Since...

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Vassily Vadimovitch Burwitz
09/12/2020, 14:30

Doppler-broadening spectroscopy (DBS) of the $511 \textrm{keV}$ gamma line generated by positron-electron annihilation provides information on lattice defects. It is sensitive to concentrations as low as 1e-7 vacancies per atom. In addition, the chemical surroundings of defects can be analyzed by coincidence DBS (CDBS). The current status and recent improvements of the CDB-Spectrometer at the...

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Michael Schulz
09/12/2020, 14:30

The cold neutron imaging beam line ANTARES at FRM II is a state of the art facility which combines excellent beam properties with highly flexible experimental conditions. User experiments can be performed with complex sample environment like croystats, furnaces or tensile rigs.

In this poster we give an overview of the beam line layout and possible options of the beam line. Moreover,we will...

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yuqin zou
09/12/2020, 14:30

In recent years, organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have made great progress due to the superior optoelectronic properties including high absorption coefficient, high defect tolerance, and long charge carrier diffusion lengths. Benefiting from these excellent properties, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of PSCs has improved from 3.9% to certified 25.2% with great...

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Max Lamparth (TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30
DN: Nuclear/ Particle Physics
Poster

Neutron beta decay is an excellent system to test the Standard Model theory of the weak interaction and the structure of the charged weak interaction. The Fierz term is one of these parameters to study and as such is sensitive to hypothetical scalar and tensor interactions. These interactions are currently most strongly constrained by combining measurements of λ, τ and super-allowed nuclear...

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Michaela Zamponi (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich Centre for Neutron Science at Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The neutron backscattering spectrometer SPHERES (SPectrometer for High Energy RESolution) at MLZ is a third generation backscattering spectrometer with focusing optics and phase-space transform (PST) chopper. It covers a dynamic range of ± 31μeV with a high resolution of about 0.66μeV and a good signal-to-noise ratio. The instrument performance has been improved over the recent years by...

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Dr Ralph Gilles
09/12/2020, 14:30

The Materials Science group consists of more than 50 members recorded in the mailing list and working in a variety of fields related to the applied materials science. Members of this group belong to neutron scattering or positron spectroscopy instruments including the staff acquired through 3rd party funding and the group of fuel cell development. Each month a group meeting is organized to...

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Igor Graf von Westarp
09/12/2020, 14:30
DN: Life Science/ Biology
Poster

The Myelin Basic Protein (MBP) is an essential part of the myelin sheath in almost all vertebrates and, thus, contributes significantly to flawless signal conduction. Here, one of its key properties is the ability to perform a Liquid-Liquid Phase Separation (LLPS), the coexistence of highly concentrated protein phases within a diluted solution.
Microscopy experiments indicated that a LLPS...

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Mr Matthias Dodenhöft (Technische Universität München (TUM) Physik Department E21 und Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) Lichtenbergstr. 1 85748 Garching, Germany)
09/12/2020, 14:30

It has been shown that Total Reflection High-Energy Positron Diffraction (TRHEPD) is an ideal technique to precisely determine the crystalline structure of the topmost and immediate subsurface layers. Novel materials such as topological insulators or 2D materials can be investigated to determine not only the surface structure, but also the substrate spacing and potential buckling.

We...

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Andreas Stadler (FZ Jülich)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Dynamics of different folding intermediates and denatured states might have implications in understanding protein folding. Apomyoglobin (apoMb) has been investigated using neutron spin-echo spectroscopy (NSE) and SANS [1] and quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) [2,3] in different states: native-like, partially folded and completely unfolded. Mean square displacements obtained by QENS showed...

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Johanna K. Jochum
09/12/2020, 14:30

The MIEZE (Modulation of Intensity with Zero Effort) technique is in essence a high-resolution spin echo time-of-flight technique. In contrast to classical neutron spin echo, all beam preparation and therefore all spin manipulation is done BEFORE the sample, opening up the possibility of introducing depolarizing conditions at the sample position. Therefore, magnetic or strongly incoherently...

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Martin Landesberger (TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The diffractometer STRESS-SPEC is optimised for fast strain mapping and pole figure measurements. Our group was the first to pioneer the usage of industrial robots for sample handling at neutron diffractometers. However, the current robot is limited in its use due to insufficient absolute positioning accuracy of up to ± 0.5 mm. Usually, an absolute positioning accuracy of 10% of the smallest...

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Sebastian Muehlbauer
09/12/2020, 14:30

We present the features of the instrument SANS-1, a joint project of TUM and HZG [1]. SANS-1 features two velocity selectors with 10% and 6% Δλ/λ and a fast TISANE 14-window double chopper, allowing efficiently tuning flux, resolution, duty cycle and frame overlap, including time resolved measurements with repetition rates up to 10 kHz. The polarization analysis option combines a compensated...

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Sebastian Jaksch (Physicist)
09/12/2020, 14:30

New high-flux and high-brilliance neutron sources demand a higher count-rate capability in neutron detectors. In order to achieve that goal, the Solid-State Neutron Detector (SoNDe) project developed a scintillation-based neutron detector. It is capable of fully exploiting the available flux current and coming neutron facilities, such as the European Spallation Source (ESS). [1] In addition to...

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Mathias Bersweiler (University of Luxembourg)
09/12/2020, 14:30

In this talk, we will present our recent advances in applying magnetic small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) for the in-depth characterization of magnetic nanoparticles.
In the first part, we will discuss the benefits of a Bayesian analysis as the new standard for fitting magnetic SANS data of nanoparticle samples [1]. Such a standardized protocol for the refinement of magnetic SANS data is...

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Renjun Guo (Physics E13, Technical University in Munich)
09/12/2020, 14:30

The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) reached the champion value of 25.2 %, making this technique competitive with commercial silicon solar cells. Despite such advantages, the application of PSCs is currently limited by combining high performance and operational stability, because PCE of PSCs can degrade due to the presence of temperature, light, humidity, and...

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Dr Apostolos Vagias (FRM2 / TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Thermoresponsive double hydrophilic block copolymers exhibit great interest as model scaffolds for pharmaceutical applications due to their controlled potential in drug encapsulation and release. A thorough elucidation of the nanostructure of the formed self-assemblies and its evolution at different temperatures is mandatory to provide tailored design guidelines in targeted therapeutics. We...

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Sabine Pütter (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS, Outstation at MLZ, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) is a versatile tool to fabricate high quality and high purity epitaxial thin films. At MLZ, the Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS) runs an MBE system to provide samples for users who either do not have the expertise to prepare thin film samples for their neutron experiments and/or the equipment.

In other words: If you need thin film samples for your...

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Marcell Wolf (TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

TOFTOF is a direct geometry disc-chopper timeof-
flight spectrometer located in the Neutron Guide
Hall West. It is suitable for both inelastic and quasielastic
neutron scattering and the scientific questions
addressed range from the dynamics in disordered
materials in hard and soft condensed matter
systems (such as polymer melts, glasses, molecular
liquids, or liquid metal alloys),...

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zahir salhi (JCNS) , Vladimir Hutanu, Jörg Voigt (Forschungszentrum Jülich) , Thomas Brückel (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH) , Earl Babcock
09/12/2020, 14:30

The thermal time-of-flight spectrometer TOPAS has been constructed by the Jülich Centre for Neutron scattering (JCNS) and is now awaiting neutrons in the neutron guide hall east at the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ). The instrument design provides wide-angle polarization analysis (PA) for the thermal energy range. While recently other thermal time-of-flight spectrometers with PA have been...

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Manuel Scheel (TUM E13)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Elucidating structure-function relationships in perovskite based materials for photovoltaic and LED application is important to push this material class towards commercialization. Focusing on scaling up methods and working out differences to well established deposition methods, e.g. spin casting, might open up unexpected possibilities for low-cost fabrication.
Slot-die coating is one very...

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Ekaterina Kostyurina
09/12/2020, 14:30

Polymers with balanced hydrophilicity can passively translocate through biological membranes without damaging them. In the case of synthetic polymers there are only few reports of translocation using charged polymers. For non-charged polymers translocation phenomena were predicted theoretically but not verified experimentally. Especially these polymers are expected to show weak interactions...

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Dr Markus Köhli (Heidelberg University)
09/12/2020, 14:30

URANOS (Ultra RApid Neutron-Only Simulation) is a newly developed 3D neutron transport Monte Carlo from thermal to fast energy domains. Emerging from a problem solver for the CASCADE detector development in collaboration with environmental physics the project aims towards providing a fast computational workflow and an intuitive graphical user interface (GUI) for small to medium sized projects....

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Rico Hübscher (TU Dresden)
09/12/2020, 14:30

In order to provide a basic platform for training and first contact research in the field of neutron science, very low flux facilities represent a sufficient starting point. The training and research reactor (AKR-2) with a maximum continuous power of two Watts can be categorized as such a facility. In the course of the last two years, the experimental field of the AKR-2 has been extended...

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Veronika Reich
09/12/2020, 14:30
DN: Digitalization and Machine Learning
Poster

Neutron scattering data are usually evaluated by analytical models. Computer simulations, for example using the Molecular Dynamics (MD) technique, can give a description of the sample’s structure and dynamics on the atomic scale. Using this information, neutron (and x-ray) diffraction and spectroscopy curves can be computed. The scattering data can then be used to validate the simulations and...

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Ms Bahar Yazdanshenas (Technische Universität München, Physik-Department, Fachgebiet Physik weicher Materie, Garching, Germany)
09/12/2020, 14:30

In aqueous solutions of the thermoresponsive polymer poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), the interaction between water and the polymer changes strongly at the demixing transition. Cooperative dehydration causes the polymer chains to collapse and aggregate. Recent quasi-elastic neutron scattering experiments have shown that the susceptibility spectra of hydration water occur at lower...

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Mr TIANXIAO XIAO (TUM)
09/12/2020, 14:30

Over the past few years, wearable smart skin is one of the hottest research topics attracting worldwide attention. Since the birth of the triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG), which is originating from Maxwell’s displacement current, the vertical pressure sensor function can be achieved easily without any external power supplies. However, to mimic human skin better, more functions need to be...

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Dr Ina Lommatzsch (Jülich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS at Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ), Forschungszentrum Jülich)
DN: Digitalization and Machine Learning
Poster

This posters shows the story of the User Office Software GhOST during the first year of its use.