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Dec 8 – 10, 2020 Online only
Online event
Europe/Berlin timezone

Insights into the (de)lithiation mechanism of core-shell layered Li(Ni,Co,Mn)O2 cathode materials during cycling

Dec 8, 2020, 2:05 PM
Online event

Online event

Talk UM: Structure Research MLZ Users 2020 - Structure Research


Weibo Hua (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT))


Layered LiNixCoyMn1-x-yO2 (NCM) oxides with core-shell morphology have been found to be prospective cathode candidates for advanced lithium-ion batteries. The electrochemical performances of NCM cathodes are tied to the transition metal relative ratios, thereby it is difficult to determine the real structure of core-shell NCM materials and to understand the synergistic effect of core and shell upon cycling. Herein, high-resolution neutron powder diffraction at the instrument SPODI was used to investigate the structure of synthesized NCM compound. The results show that the as-prepared NCM material consists of an inner Ni-rich core and a Mn-rich shell on a secondary particle level. Both core and shell possess a layered α–NaFeO2–type structure with the same space group (R3 ̅m) while a slight difference in lattice parameter. The (de)lithiation mechanism of core-shell NCM cathode materials was investigated by in situ synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction and absorption spectroscopy. These findings contribute to prepare layered Ni-based oxides with good electrochemical performances.

Primary authors

Weibo Hua (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)) Björn Schwarz (Karlsruher Institute of Technology) Anatoliy Senyshyn Michael Knapp (KIT, IAM-ESS) Sylvio Indris (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) Helmut Ehrenberg (KIT)

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