Dec 8 – 9, 2022
Marriott
Europe/Berlin timezone

Antisite Li\Ni disorder in the NCA-type battery cathode

Dec 9, 2022, 2:00 PM
3h
Marriott

Marriott

Board: P-102
Poster Structure Research Poster Session

Speaker

Tobias Hölderle

Description

The electrochemical efficiency of Li-ion batteries is largely determined by the diffusivity of Li ions and the transport of electrons between electrode materials in the cell. In nickel-containing cathode materials the mixed Li\Ni occupations often occurs, leading to structural disorder, blocking of the 2D diffusion pathways of Li$^{+}$ by Ni$^{2+}$, as well as the reduction of the capacity and structure stability. Mixed transition metal batteries like Li(Ni,Co,Al)O$_{2}$ and high nickel content Li(Ni,Mn,Co)O$_{2}$ are considered to be promising cathode materials showing better cycling stabilities, lower toxicity, lower costs etc. and are therefore of particular interest from the viewpoint of Li\Ni disorder [1, 2]. In literature, the studies and understanding of factors causing cation mixing is still controversial and are poorly presented. In the current contribution structural parameters of selected nickel-containing cathodes, obtained by neutron powder diffraction with the instrument SPODI at FRM II will be discussed together with their electrochemical characteristics.
[1] J. Zheng, Y. Ye, T. Liu, Y. Xiao, C. Wang, F. Wang and F. Pan, Ni/Li Disordering in Layered Transition Metal Oxides: Electrochemical Impact, Origin, and Control, Acc. Chem. Res. 52, 2201-2209 (2019).
[2] O. Dolotko, A. Senyshyn, M. J. Mühlbauer, K. Nikolowski and H. Ehrenberg, Understanding structural changes in NMC Li-ion cells by in situ neutron diffraction, Journal of Power Sources 225, 197-203 (2014).

Primary author

Co-authors

Anatoliy Senyshyn Peter Müller-Buschbaum (TU München, Physik-Department, LS Funktionelle Materialien)

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