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Mar 20 – 23, 2023
Campus Garching
Europe/Berlin timezone

Fundamental physics possibilities at the European Spallation Source

Mar 22, 2023, 2:00 PM
SCC/0-002 - Taurus 1&2 (Galileo)

SCC/0-002 - Taurus 1&2


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Talk (25 + 5 min) Fundamental Science Fundamental Physics


Valentina Santoro (ESS)


Despite the success of the Standard Model of particle physics long-standing open questions remain to be understood including the nature of dark matter, baryogenesis, and leptonic CP violation. Attention is being increasingly focused on the so-called intensity frontier at which small-scale experiments make high-precision measurements of a limited number of observables or search for rare or forbidden processes. Experiments can reveal evidence for hitherto unseen high mass-scale physics processes beyond that achievable at colliders or low-rate low energy etc. from phenomena such as sterile or right-handed neutrinos and light dark matter candidates. Presently under construction, the European Spallation Source (ESS) in Lund, Sweden, will be the world's brightest neutron source [1] , as part of its mandate, the ESS will deliver a program of fundamental physics at the intensity frontier. I will present a review of the physics potential of the wide variety of fundamental physics experiments which can be performed both with neutrons and neutrinos, the latter experiments benefit from the capability of the ESS to be a high-intensity neutrino factory. Several experiments are foreseen such as precision measurements of neutron decay parameters [2], gravitational spectroscopy, searches for a non-zero electric dipole moment of the neutron, and neutrons converting to anti-neutrons [3]. Research in the neutrino sector includes coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering [4] as well as possible leptonic CP violation [5].

[1] S. Peggs. ESS Technical Design Report. 2013.
[2] Torsten Soldner, Hartmut Abele, Gertrud Konrad, Bastian Märkisch, Florian M. Piegsa, Ulrich Schmidt, Camille Theroine, and Pablo Torres Sanchez. ANNI - A pulsed cold neutron beam facility for particle physics at the ESS. EPJ Web of Conferences, 219:10003, 2019. doi:10.1051/epjconf/201921910003. arXiv:1811.11692 [physics.ins-det].
[3] A. Addazi et al., “New high-sensitivity searches for neutrons converting into antineutrons and/or sterile neutrons at the HIBEAM/NNBAR experiment at the European Spallation Source” J. Phys. G: Nucl.Part. Phys. 48 070501 https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6471/abf429
[4] D. Baxter et al. Coherent Elastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering at the European Spallation Source. JHEP, 02:123, 2020. doi:10.1007/JHEP02(2020)123. arXiv:1911.00762 [physics.ins-det].
[5] Elena Wildner et al. The Opportunity offered by the ESSnuSB Project to Exploit the Larger Leptonic CP Violation Signal at the Second Oscillation Maximum and the Requirements of This Project on the ESS Accelerator Complex. Adv. High Energy Phys., 2016:8640493, 2016. doi:10.1155/2016/8640493. arXiv:1510.00493 [physics.ins-det].

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