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Mar 20 – 23, 2023
Campus Garching
Europe/Berlin timezone

Slowing down 14 MeV fusion neutrons

Mar 20, 2023, 4:00 PM
Yards 4 - 6 (Fakultät für Maschinenwesen)

Yards 4 - 6

Fakultät für Maschinenwesen

Board: MO-189
Poster Fundamental Science Poster Session MONDAY


Antonino Pietropaolo (ENEA Deparment of Fusion and Technologies for Nuclear Safety and Security)


The monochromatic neutron filed generated by $^{3}$H($^{2}$H,n)$^{4}$He reactions is typically used in fusion-related experiments. mainly devoted to material damaging, plasma diagnostics development and cross sections measruements. As a matter of fact, the monochromatic 14 MeV neutrons can be slowed down to obtain thermalised neutrons with the typical spectrum of a spallation neutron source, i.e. a maxwellian peak and an epithermal tail extending up to the maximum energy available. Although the golden standard for the production of intense neutron beams for scattering applications is fission and spallation, nevertheless exploiting the monochromaticity of the source may be an added value. Indeed, obtaining moderated neutron beams at a 14 MeV accelerator-driven neutron source with intensities such that a few neutron techniques might be made available, may represent a unique possibility to perform in the same site fusion-related investigations on materials applying dedicated neutron scattering techniques on material that, upoin 14 MeV neutron irradiation likely are heavily activated, making the transportation to other neutron site not feasibile over long periods.
In this contribution, the strategy to obtain a moderated neutron field from 14 MeV source neutorns is discussed, showing both experimental measurements and Monte Carlo simulations. Some prediction on moderator brightness are provided for a 250 kW accelerator-driven 14 MeV fusion neutron source, currently in the design phase.

Primary authors

Antonino Pietropaolo (ENEA Deparment of Fusion and Technologies for Nuclear Safety and Security) Dr Lina Quintieri (Science and Technology Facilities Council)


Dr Alessandro Calamida (Istotuto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare) Dr Davide Flammini (ENEA) Dr Roberto Bedogni (INFN)

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