In the last years, superconductivity has been observed in a couple of iron based one dimensional compounds, BaFe$_3$X$_3$ X=S,Se. Indeed, for both compounds, a pressure induced superconducting dome develops above 10 GPa and below 14 K. A significant difference between the two systems is their magnetic ground state at low pressure. The magnetic order of BaFe$_3$Se$_3$ takes the form of staggered ferromagnetic blocs along the ladder , while for BaFe$_3$Se$_3$ a conventional antiferromagnetic order is formed along the ladder. These different magnetic symmetries raise the question of the role of magnetism in the mechanism leading to superconductivity. One would indeed expect a similar magnetic order for both compounds allowing a common and universal mechanism.
Our recent neutron scattering results on the compounds BaFe$_3$Se$_3$ revealed a new picture of the magnetic properties from ambient pressure up to the superconducting critical pressure [,2]. Using single crystal and powder neutron diffraction on BaFe$_3$Se$_3$, we refined the magnetic structure at ambient pressure and discovered a new magnetic order similar to the BaFe$_3$S$_3$ stripe phase near the superconducting dome. This magnetic phase thus appear to be universal for this family, giving a strong indication of its role in the origin of superconductivity.
[] W. Zheng, V. Balédent et al. Nature Communication Physics 5, 183 (2022)
 W. G. Zheng, V. Balédent et al. Accepted in Physical Review B (2022)